2 edition of Systems of forest taxation and tax impact upon private forestry in several European countries found in the catalog.
Systems of forest taxation and tax impact upon private forestry in several European countries
by Israel Program for Scientific Translations; [available from the Office of Technical Services, U.S. Dept. of Commerce] in Jerusalem
Written in English
Bibliography: p. 396-429.
|LC Classifications||HJ4167 K713|
|The Physical Object|
|Number of Pages||439|
Forestry laws govern activities in designated forest lands, most commonly with respect to forest management and timber ary laws may regulate forest land acquisition and prescribed burn practices. Forest management laws generally adopt management policies, such as multiple use and sustained yield, by which public forest resources are to be managed. , in the year The present tax system in Sweden cannot be seen as generating local incentives for development, based on forestry as an endogenous capital. Keywords: forest ownership, forest business activity, taxation, boreal municipality, rural, northern Sweden.
What is it? The System of Environmental-Economic Accounting for Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries integrates information on the environment and economic activities of agriculture, forestry and fisheries using the structures and principles laid out in the SEEA Central Framework. These activities depend directly on, as well as have an impact upon, the environment and its. European Forest Institute. Recommended citation: Gert-Jan Nabuurs, Philippe Delacote, David Ellison, Marc Hanewinkel, Marcus Lindner, Martin Nesbit, Markku Ollikainen and Annalisa Savaresi. A new role for forests and the forest sector in the EU post climate targets. From Science to Policy 2. European Forest Institute. Contents.
Forests used to constitute the dominant natural vegetation in most of Europe, covering up to 80 % of the land surface. However, the current extent and condition of forest ecosystems are the result of the process of human appropriation (domestication), which started more than years ago. By the end of the 17th century, more than half of Europe’s original forest had disappeared and . of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University, Prospect Street, New Haven, CT , USA a r t i c l e i n f o Article history: Received 4 April Received in revised form 11 September Accepted 23 September Keywords: Non-industrial private forest Family tax forest Forest preferential taxation Policy evaluation.
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Systems of forest taxation and tax impact upon private forestry in several European countries. Jerusalem, Israel Program for Scientific Translations; [available from the Office of Technical Services, U.S.
Dept. of Commerce] General tax economists should find taxation of forest property of interest for two reasons. First, commercial forest land in private ownership comprises more than 15% of the nation's total land area.
Second, the results of forest taxation studies apply readily to taxation of Cited by: The implementation of REDD+ in relation to forest tax systems seems well suited to such an approach.
The countries concerned are Cameroon, Ghana and Sierra Leone. While they are at different stages of the process, a common finding is that long-term impacts will depend on the detail of REDD+ design and implementation, and that many of the most Author: Stephen Spratt, Philip Kargbo, Emmanuel Marfo, Emmanuel Ngungoh, Sabaheta Ramcilovik-Suominen.
This research explores the impacts that REDD+ could have on forest tax systems in three countries in sub-Saharan Africa, and considers how policy could be designed to increase the chances that these impacts are positive.
To assess this, a. Forestry and Forest-Based Industries (F-BI) Socio-economic impact of the F-BI sectors in the EU 36 The F–BI unit in the European Commission 36 Co-ordination within the Committee on 37 Community Policy regarding F-BI The challenges of the EU F-BI 37 Chapter 8: 39 Forest sector statistics Eurostat 40 Forest resources 40 Other statistics This summary reflects the current tax legislation.
As you see, the Irish Tax System looks very favourably on forestry activities. This has proved an essential element in the expansion of the forest industry in Ireland.
While legislation may change, it is believed highly unlikely that any unfavourable changes will be made in the next 40 – Each year, wood valued over US$ billion is removed from forests globally, mainly accounted for by industrial roundwood, and also including fuelwood 10 million people are employed in the forestry sector and the livelihoods of many more depend on forests the same time, it is now clear that forests managed for timber have to play an important role in conserving global.
Commercial Forestry Taxation UK taxpayers investing in commercial forests and woodlands* in the UK can benefit from a number of tax advantages which can add to the appeal of the forestry investment.
INHERITANCE TAX (IHT) Commercial forestry can qualify for % IHT Business Property Relief after two years of ownership. Forest ownership.
A forest owner is defined in the FRA as an entity that has the legal rights to freely and exclusively use, control, transfer or otherwise benefit from a forest (FAO,FAO, ).This includes ownership of trees growing on land classified as forest, regardless of whether or not the owner of those trees also owns the land on which they grow.
Thus, several studies have illustrated how the distribution of forest taxation revenue in society from local to national level, as part of the overall forest governance system, affects especially local actors’ incentives to protect and maintain trees and forests [3•, 38, 59, 60, 61].
As the Treaties make no specific reference to forests, the European Union does not have a common forestry policy. Forestry policy is thus still primarily a national matter. Many EU measures do have an impact on forests in EU and non-EU countries alike, however.
The European Reference Framework for Forestry. European forests are an important factor in mitigating climate change. Socio-economically, forests vary from small family holdings to state forests or to large estates owned by companies.
This article provides data on the EU's forest area and timber resources as well as economic and employment figures of the forestry. Some 60 % of forests are owned by several millions of private owners, with numbers set to rise as restitution of forest ownership in some Member States continues.
The remainder belongs to the state and other public owners. Forests are multifunctional. taxation. It is by means of forest account, reservation for allocation fund, funds retained for expansion and interest adjustment for self-employment.
Currently, there is a tax proposal about changing the rules concerning the ability to allocate surplus in a private firm. The tax proposal would remove forest account, tax allocation fund.
The primary objective of the European Forest Sector Outlook Study (EFSOS), a joint programme of the UNECE Timber Committee and the FAO European Forestry Commission, is to analyse the long-term outlook for the sector and its implications for policy.
As our analysis underscores, the value of forests and the threats facing them are inextricably linked to climate change.
Existing forests store CO 2 in the form of carbon on a massive scale—and young, growing forests absorb significant amounts of CO r, on a global scale, because of deforestation (the permanent loss of forested area) and decay, forests are now releasing more CO 2.
A ‘second-best’ taxation problem arises when the government taxation aims at only collecting tax revenues, and the third type of problem reflects combinations of the two first-mentioned ones. Although the history of optimal taxation in public economics is long, its use in forestry problems is recent, making this part of the book of.
The Swedish tax system affects distribution of forest revenue between national, municipal and individual interests. The study reported here takes a Boreal municipality perspective, with the objective of investigating the tax and investment implications of non-industrial private forestry (NIPF) in a case-study municipality at these three interest levels.
Following the discovery of America and the colonial expansion in the Caribbean and Continental America, valuable agricultural products and mineral resources were introduced into Spain through regular trade products such as potatoes, tomatoes and corn had a long-lasting impact on the Spanish economy, but more importantly on European demographics.
Private forest tenure, ownership and management 5 Planning and monitoring systems 6 systems for forest management in 20 African countries. It addresses the function of tenure rights in sustainable (), ownership of land is legally guaranteed under government, private, customary, Forest Forestry Forest e e, a, forest.
1 presents a brief comparison of old and new taxation systems. A more detailed description of the site-productivity-based forest taxation (also referred as "area-based taxation") system is available and is called "Forest taxation in Finland - a review of the systems currently in use" by Esa Ylitalo.What is the relationship between trade and the state of the worlds forest resources?
A recently concluded research and analysis project undertaken by FAO and the Government of Japan explored this question, seeking ways to help the relationship be a positive one. The project Impact Assessment of Forest Products Trade in the Promotion of Sustainable Forest Management, which engaged .First part - THE FIFTEEN-MEMBER EUROPEAN UNION AND THE FOREST: STAKES AND STRATEGIES Chapter I.1 - ENLARGEMENT OF THE EUROPEAN UNION: A NEW DIMENSION IN FORESTRY I WINDOWS ON THE FUTURE I - Managing a possible expansion to the CEECs An overview of forests in Central and Eastern European Countries (CEECs).